Roy krathong november 2012 in Thailand
Roy krathong november 2012 in Thailand
Bangkok – Loi Krathong is one of the most beautiful Thai festivals, and it is a time to give thanks to the goddess of waters and to seek forgiveness for past misdeeds. It occurs at night during the full moon of the 12th Thai lunar month (this year, November 28).
Loi literally means “to float,” while Krathong refers to the lotus-shaped vessels containing candles, incense and flowers which participants float down rivers and on lakes and ponds everywhere.
Held annually, the festival also includes beauty pageants, fireworks and contests making the Krathong from materials such as banana leaves, banana tree trunks, coconut barks or even paper.
Each province has its own special features in celebrating this annual Festival of Lights, and here are some of the
highlights: The Delightful Color of Stream, Loi Krathong Festival
When: November 24 to 28 , 2012
Where: Asiatique The Riverfront, Chao Phraya River (Krung Thep Bridge–Krung Thon Bridge), Bangkok
Highlights: Opening ceremony on November 24, 2012, plus cultural performances, light decorations and the float procession all along the banks of the Chao Phraya River. One of Loi Krathong’s best atmospheres.
How: For More Details: Tourism Authority of Thailand (TAT) – Tel. 1672
Phra Nakhorn Si Ayutthaya, Loi Krathong Festival
When: November 28, 2012
Where: Bangsai Arts and Crafts Centre, Ayutthaya
Highlights: Experience the old market atmosphere, riverside night market, and the magnificent ruins of this once glorious capital city; beauty pageants, Krathong contests, and cultural performances are the highlights of this festival, competing to win His Majesty the King’s Trophy.
How: For More Details: Bangsai Arts and Crafts Center of Her Majesty Queen Sirikit of Thailand, TAT office of Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya – Tel. (66) 3524 6076-7, or TAT- Tel. 1672
Loi Krathong Festival in Thailand 2012
Yee Peng Festival
When : November 28 – 29, 2012
Where: Tha Phae Gate (November 28-29), Amphur Mae Jo (November 24-30), Chiang Mai
Highlights: Enjoy local cultural performances and handicrafts, the Lanna style walking street, and opening ceremony “Yi Peng Festival 2012,” plus an amazing procession of hanging lanterns at Chiang Mai Night Bazaar, beauty contests, and a light and sound presentation on the Ping River. There will also be a Krathong procession competition for His Majesty the King’s Trophy.
How: For More Details: TAT Chiang Mai Office – Tel. (66) 5324 8604, (66) 5324 8607, or TAT – Tel. 1672
Loi Krathong and Candle Festival
When: November 26-28, 2012
Where: Sukhothai Historical Park, Sukhothai
Highlights: Activities of the “Dawn of happiness,” the hanging lantern procession, grand fireworks display, Miss Noppamas beauty contest, light and sound presentation, plus Sukhothai arts and culture performances and Krathong desire contest.
How: For More Details: TAT Sukhothai Office, Tel. (66) 5561 6228-9, or TAT – Tel. 1672
Loi Krathong Sai Festival and Thousand Floating Candles
When: November 24 – 29, 2012
Where: Banks of the Ping River, Tak
Highlights: Amazing Krathong Sai (procession of floating coconut-shell Krathong), OTOP shopping (wares from the local entrepreneurship stimulus program), and the Krathong Sai desire contest for His Majesty the King’s Trophy.
How: For More Details: TAT Tak Office, Tel. (66) 5551 4341-3, or TAT – Tel. 1672
Loi Krathong Krab Klauy Mae Klong
When: November 28, 2012
Where: King Rama II Memorial Park, Wat Chonglom, Samut Songkhram
Highlights: Feast your eyes on the Krathong Karb Klauy, enjoy the local cultural performances, the Krathong desire contest, Noppamas beauty contest, and give Pha Pa (donations) to Buddhist monks along the river.
How: For More Details: TAT Samut Songkhram Office, Tel. 0 3475 2847-8, or TAT – Tel. 1672
Loi Krathong Festival
When: November 28, 2012
Where: Suphanburi River (Tha Jeen River), Suphanburi
Highlights: Krathong desire contest, an amazing procession of hanging lanterns, fireworks display, and arts and culture performances from a variety of local artists.
How: For More Details: TAT – Tel. 1672
Loi Krathong Sai Festival and Thousand Floating candles The Royal Trophy Loi Krathong Sai, Tak
24 – 29 November 2012
Places : Banks of Ping River
Activities : Amazing the Krathong Sai (Floating coconut- shell Krathong in line), enjoy shopping Otop, Krathong Sai desire contest, in order to win His Majestic the King’s Trophy and enjoy the performances.
Loi Krathong History
Loi Krathong takes place on the evening of the full moon of the 12th month in the traditional Thai lunar calendar. In the western calendar this usually falls in November.
Loi literally means ‘to float,’ while krathong refers to the lotus-shaped receptacle which can float on the water. Originally, the krathong was made of banana leaves or the layers of the trunk of a banana tree or a spider lily plant. A krathong contains food, betel nuts, flowers, joss sticks, candle and coins. Modern krathongs are more often made of bread or styrofoam. A bread krathong will disintegrate in a few a days and be eaten by fish and other animals. The traditional banana stalk krathongs are also biodegradable, but styrofoam krathongs are frowned on, since they are polluting and may take years to disappear. Regardless of the composition, a krathong will be decorated with elaborately-folded banana leaves, flowers, candles and incense sticks. A low value coin is sometimes included as an offering to the river spirits. During the night of the full moon, Thais will float their krathong on a river, canal or a pond lake. The festival is believed to originate in an ancient practice of paying respect to the spirit of the waters. Today it is simply a time to have fun.
Governmental offices, corporations and other organizations usually create big decorated rafts. There are also local and officially organised raft competitions, regarding its beauty and craftsmanship. In addition, there are also fireworks and beauty contests during the celebration of the festival.
The origins of Loi Krathong are stated to be in Sukhothai, but recently scholars have argued that it is in fact an invention from the Bangkok period.According to the writings of H.M. King Rama IV in 1863, the originally Brahmanical festival was adapted by Buddhists in Thailand as a ceremony to honour the original Buddha, Siddhartha Gautama. Apart from venerating the Buddha with light (the candle on the raft), the act of floating away the candle raft is symbolic of letting go of all one’s grudges, anger and defilements, so that one can start life afresh on a better foot. People will also cut their fingernails and hair and add them to the raft as a symbol of letting go of the bad parts of oneself. Many Thai believe that floating a raft will bring good luck, and they do it to honor and thank the Goddess of Water, Phra Mae Khongkha (Thai: พระแม่คงคา).
The beauty contests that accompany the festival are known as “Nopphamat Queen Contests”. According to legend, Nang Nopphamat (Thai: นางนพมาศ; alternatively spelled as “Noppamas” or “Nopamas”) was a consort of the Sukothai king Loethai (14th century) and she had been the first to float a decorated raft. However, this is a new story which was invented during the first part of the 19th century. There is no evidence that a Nang Nopphamat ever existed. Instead it is a matter of fact that a woman of this name was instead the leading character of a novel released during the end of the reign of King Rama III – around 1850. Her character was written as guidance for all women who wished to become civil servants.
In Thailand nowadays, Loi Krathong festival involves sexual activities rather than the maintenance of traditional virtues. The Health Promotion Office, Ministry of Public Health, revealed the outcome of its research in November 2012 that, in each year, it is Loi Krathong festival which most gives rise to sexual intercourse among teenagers and more than 38% of Thai children risk being sexually abused during the festival, due to extensive rate of alcohol consumption on the festival night. The Supreme Sangha Council, the highest administrative body of Thai monks, also revealed that many temples in Northeastern Thailand have usually allowed alcohol consumption and indecent displays in their precincts on the Loi Krathong night.
Kelantan in Malaysia also celebrates the same celebration, especially in the Tumpat area. The ministry in charge of tourism in Malaysia recognises it as an attraction for tourists. Many people visit the celebration each year.
Thousands of Khom Loi in Mae Cho, Chiang Mai Loi Krathong coincides with the Lanna (northern Thai) festival known as “Yi Peng” (Thai: ยี่เป็ง). Due to a difference between the old Lanna calendar and the Thai calendar, Yi Peng is held on a full moon of the 2nd month of the Lanna calendar (“Yi” meaning “2nd” and “Peng” meaning “month” in the Lanna language). A multitude of Lanna-style sky lanterns (khom loi (Thai: โคมลอย), literally: “floating lanterns”) are launched into the air where they resemble large flocks of giant fluorescent jellyfish gracefully floating by through the sky. The festival is meant as a time for tham bun (Thai: ทำบุญ), to make merit. People usually make khom loi from a thin fabric, such as rice paper, to which a candle or fuel cell is attached. When the fuel cell is lit, the resulting hot air which is trapped inside the lantern creates enough lift for the khom loi to float up in to the sky. In addition, people will also decorate their houses, gardens and temples with khom fai (Thai: โคมไฟ): intricately shaped paper lanterns which take on different forms. Khom thue (Thai: โคมถือ) are lanterns which are carried around hanging from a stick, khom khwaen (Thai: โคมแขวน) are the hanging lanterns, and khom pariwat (Thai: โคมปริวรรต) which are placed at temples and which revolve due to the heat of the candle inside. The most elaborate Yi Peng celebrations can be seen in Chiang Mai, the ancient capital of the former Lanna kingdom, where now both Loi Krathong and Yi Peng are celebrated at the same time resulting in lights floating on the waters, lights hanging from trees/buildings or standing on walls, and lights floating by in the sky. The tradition of Yi Peng was also adopted by certain parts of Laos during the 16th century.