Khao Sam Roi Yot (Three hundred hills) Pranburi features a dazzling landscape of limestone hills of unique shapes which are a part of Khao Sam Roi Yot National Park. If one stands on Pranburi beach and looks to his right he will see the far off, but very distinct, mountain known as “Khao Kralok” (Skull Mountain) which is actually only a few kilometers drive away. There is a beach area at the foot of the mountain where one can look up through the “karst window,” a sinkhole formed by the collapse of stone surfaces leaving a window-like hole.
Khao Sam Roi Yot is a marine national park in Sam Roi Yot district, Prachuap Khiri Khan Province, Thailand. It covers 98.08 km, of which 20.88 km are marine areas. The park was established in 1966, and was the first coastal national park of Thailand.
If you want to see the most spectacular view, known as “three hundred hills,” ,dust drive to Amphur Sam Rai Yot where a big swamp is surrounded by over three hundred limestone hills. The significance of the area lies not in the hills, but the wetland mousing a variety of habitats and wildlife. Visitors car, walk along the natural trail on the wooden bridge of the Bua Bar? Nature Study Center and if lucky spot the purple swamohens catching and feeding on their prey.
Khao Sam Roi Yot Geography
The name Khao Sam Roi Yot means Mountains with 300 peaks, which describes the landscape of the park quite well. The limestone hills rise directly at the shore of the Gulf of Thailand, with the highest elevation Khao Krachom 605m above sea level. Between the hills are freshwater marshes. However several of these marshes were converted into shrimp farms, as only 36 kmÂ² of the total 69 kmÂ² of marshes are part of the national park. 18 km of these marshes are scheduled to be declared a Ramsar site.
Two white sand beaches are located within the park namely Hat Laem Sala and Hat Sam Phraya. Hat Laem Sala is 17 km away from the park’s head quarters and can be reached from the village Ban Pu either by boat or by climbing up and down over a hill for nearly 30 minutes.
Rare animals in the park include the Mainland Serow (Nemorhaedus sumatraensis), Dusky Langurs (Trachypithecus obscurus), as well as many bird species. In the ocean occasionally Irrawaddy Dolphins (Orcaella brevirostris) show up.
Khao Sam Roi Yot History
The area of the Khao Sam Roi Yot was probably the site where King Mongkut convened with European guests on August 18, 1868 to observe a total solar eclipse. The king was very interested in astronomy and had calculated the date and location of the eclipse himself. However he contracted malaria during that event, and died shortly later.
Later kings also visited the area, especially the Phraya Nakhon cave. The cave consists of two caverns, illuminated by the collapsed roofs. For the visit of King Chulalongkorn in 1890 the Kuha Karuhas pavillon was built inside the cave. Later King Vajiravudh as well as the current king Bhumibol Adulyadej visited the cave.
The national park was created on June 28 1966. It was enlarged on April 1 1982.Tour in Khao Sam Roi Yot.